FAQ: Why Are There Wartime Elections?

What is the significance of the Wartime Elections Act?

The Act gave the vote to the wives, widows, mothers, and sisters of soldiers serving overseas. They were the first women ever to be able to vote in Canadian federal elections and were also a group that was strongly in favour of conscription.

Why did Prime Minister Borden pass the Military Voters Act and the Wartime Elections Act?

Prime Minister Borden created the Military Voters Act coupled with the Wartime Elections Act with the intent of strengthening the coalition government’s chances at the polls. During election campaigning, the newly formed Unionist government fought with the Liberal opposition largely on cultural lines.

Why was conscription good for Canada?

Borden had implemented conscription because he believed the war had to be won and that Canada must play its full part. To achieve these ends, he almost broke the nation. The conscripts, however reluctant they may have been to serve, nonetheless played a critical role in winning the war.

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Did Canada ever have conscription?

There is at present no conscription in Canada. Conscription was implemented in Canada during the First and Second World Wars for men of military age and fitness.

What were the effects of the military service bill when it was introduced in 1917?

The Military Service Act became law on 29 August 1917. It was a politically explosive and controversial law that bitterly divided the country along French-English lines. It made all male citizens aged 20 to 45 subject to conscription for military service, through the end of the First World War.

Why was conscription a bad thing?

One downside of conscription is that the time in the military can be quite hard. For many people, it is the first time away from home for a longer period of time and they might not be mentally prepared for this. Some people may feel quite lonely and may also not be able to deal with the strict rules in the military.

Did Canada have conscription in ww2?

Conscription is the compulsory enlistment or “call up” of citizens for military service. It is sometimes known as “the draft.” The federal government enacted conscription in both the First World War and the Second World War. Canada does not currently have mandatory military service.

How many soldiers did Canada send in ww1?

The First World War was fought from 1914 to 1918. More than 650,000 Canadians and Newfoundlanders served in this war, then called The Great War. More than 66,000 of our service members gave their lives and more than 172,000 were wounded.

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Why was conscription not used right away in Canada in World war I?

Farmers sought agricultural exemptions from compulsory service until the end of the war. Borden’s government, anxious for farmers’ votes, agreed to limited exemptions, largely for farmers’ labouring sons, but broke the promise after the election. Conscription had an impact on Canada’s war effort.

What methods did the Canadian government use to pay for the war?

In 1917 the government’s Victory Loan campaign began raising huge sums from ordinary citizens for the first time. Canada’s war effort was financed mainly by borrowing. Between 1913 and 1918, the national debt rose from $463 million to $2.46 billion, an enormous sum at that time.

Why is conscription a sensitive issue in Canada?

It was mainly caused by disagreement on whether men should be conscripted to fight in the war, but also brought out many issues regarding relations between French Canadians and English Canadians. Almost all French Canadians opposed conscription; they felt that they had no particular loyalty to either Britain or France.

How did Canada recruit soldiers in ww1?

For the first two years of war, Canada relied on a voluntary system of military recruitment. It adopted a policy of conscription, or compulsory service, only after a long, difficult political debate in 1917.

What was the Canadian army called in ww1?

The Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) was the entire overseas force fielded by Canada during the First World War. Of the 630,000 Canadians who enlisted for military service, 424,000 went overseas as part of the CEF.

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Who was Borden ww1?

Sir Robert Laird Borden GCMG PC KC (June 26, 1854 – June 10, 1937) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the eighth prime minister of Canada, in office from 1911 to 1920. He is best known for his leadership of Canada during World War I. Borden was born in Grand-Pré, Nova Scotia.

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